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Perennial phloxes, which have many varieties and colors, wonderfully decorate the backyard. However, it is not recommended to grow them in one place for a long time, since they gradually lose their decorative effect. In this case, transplanting phlox to another place helps. In addition, flowers may need to change the site for various reasons.
Goals and objectives of phlox transplant
It has been noticed that with constant cultivation in the same place, some perennials, including phlox, gradually begin to feel worse and worse. Their growth slows down, flowering occurs with a delay, and the buds themselves lose their bright colors and become more and more faded and inconspicuous. This is due to the fact that the soil is gradually depleted, harmful substances and pathogens accumulate in it, which negatively affect the health of plants. However, if you change the planting site, the decorative effect of flowers is quickly restored.
Periodically, phloxes need to be transplanted to a new place.
There are other reasons why phlox have to be transplanted to another place in the fall or spring. Here is some of them:
- The need to free up space in the garden. The area where phlox grows is required for planting other plants, laying communications, and building.
- Various weather disasters, as a result of which the area with flowers can be, for example, flooded.
- Selling a garden or a house, moving to a new location, while the old owner wants to keep the flowers for himself.
- As a result of construction or other work near the site, conditions for phlox became unsuitable (the place was in the shade, the level of groundwater rose too much, etc.).
- Pest or disease threat.
How many years do phloxes need to be transplanted
It is believed that phlox can grow in one place for up to 10 years. However, this is the deadline for flowers to completely degenerate. Florists prefer to transplant them to a new place every 5-6 years; there are also recommendations to do this once every 4 years. You need to be guided in this matter by the state of flowers. If the soil is fertile enough and well suited for phlox, then the interval between replanting can be slightly increased.
When perennial phlox is transplanted
It is best to transplant perennials while they are at rest, before and after the growing season. In this case, the plant will get off with minimal stress and quickly recover in a new place. There is no need to touch phlox during the growing season. Even if the transplantation made during this period turns out to be successful, the adaptation of plants to a new place can take a long time, while the risk of their death increases many times over.
When is it better to transplant phlox: in spring or autumn
Gardeners disagree about when phlox should be replanted in fall or spring. This is due to the fact that different regions have their own climatic features. For example, in areas with an early onset of winter, it is better to transplant in the spring, since in the fall there is a high risk that the plant will not have time to take root in a new place and will die in winter. If the climate of the region is warm enough, and winter comes late, then phlox can be transplanted to another place in the fall.
If necessary, phloxes can be transplanted even in summer.
Important! In extreme cases, phlox can be transplanted even in summer, but for this a number of conditions must be met.
When is it better to transplant phlox in spring
When transplanting phlox in the spring, gardeners usually focus not on the calendar date, but on the timing of the arrival of this spring. Work should begin when the ground has completely thawed, but the plant has not yet started growing. In central Russia, this time usually falls in the second half of April, and sometimes at the beginning of May.
Is it possible to transplant phlox in the summer
Transplanting flowers in summer is most often a forced measure, so it is best to try to avoid it under normal circumstances. If there is no alternative, then the plants must be transplanted subject to the following requirements:
- The transplant is carried out only with a large clod of earth on the roots.
- You cannot divide the bush at this time.
- All work is performed only in cloudy weather in the evening.
- The bush is not pruned.
Practice shows that even if all these conditions are met, the risk of flower death after a summer transplant remains high. Therefore, the first time the plants need quality care.
When to transplant phlox in the fall
The optimal time for transplanting phloxes in the fall to another place is the beginning of September or even the end of August. In this case, the plants have enough time to root well in a new place, adapt to the conditions and prepare for wintering. With later work, the risk of a failed outcome increases significantly, so phlox can be transplanted in October only in the southern regions.
When to transplant phlox in the Moscow region
The Moscow region does not have a stable climate. Spring comes here quite late, the snow cover lasts a long time and completely disappears at the end of April, and sometimes at the beginning of May. It is at this time that it is recommended to transplant phlox. If time is lost, then you can do it in the last days of August or early September. The early arrival of winter happens in the Moscow region quite rarely, so there is enough time for plants to get used to a new place and prepare for winter.
When phloxes are transplanted in Siberia
The early arrival of winter makes it impossible to transplant phlox in the fall in Siberia. Frosts in some areas of this region may begin as early as September, so all work is carried out in the spring, after the ground thaws and the threat of return frosts blows.
Do I need to trim phlox when transplanting
Phlox pruning is carried out annually, regardless of the transplant. This procedure has a positive effect on the health of the plant, relieves it of old and dry shoots, and promotes the formation of young strong shoots. Pruning is carried out after flowering, in late August or early September, that is, at the same time as the autumn transplant. Therefore, these works are often combined.
Before transplanting phloxes are pruned
The lack of green mass allows the bush to direct all its forces to the growth of the root system.
How to transplant phlox correctly
In order to correctly transplant phlox, you need not only to choose the right time, but also to carry out preparatory work, to perform the transplant itself with high quality and accuracy and to provide the plant with the necessary care after the work.
Site selection and soil preparation
Phloxes love sunlight, so the area for planting them should be well lit. In the shade, the plants stretch out strongly, while the flowers lose their brightness and saturation. It is desirable that the sunlight was not direct, diffused, therefore it is better to plant them not in open areas, but next to a fence, wall of a building or structure. This will additionally protect them from the cold wind. At the same time, the neighborhood with large trees and shrubs is undesirable, since next to them moisture-loving phloxes will constantly experience a lack of water.
Phloxes feel great near the fence or against the wall of the house
The soil for these flowers needs loose and fertile soil, with an increased content of peat and sand, while its acidity should be close to neutral. If the soil is too acidic, then dolomite flour, chalk or lime must be added to it.
Important! A positive quality of phlox is their tolerance to high soil moisture. Even in areas with high groundwater levels, this plant thrives.
The site of the future planting must be cleared of weeds in advance and dug up by adding granular mineral fertilizer or organic matter, for example, rotted manure or humus. If the transplant is carried out in the spring, then it is better to add nitrogen-containing top dressing to the soil: urea, nitrophosphate, ammonium nitrate. During an autumn transplant, nitrogen fertilizers are not applied, so as not to provoke the growth of shoots, it will be enough to add a little phosphorus and potassium mineral complexes to the soil. It is also useful to use wood ash to improve the characteristics of the soil, adding it at the rate of 1 glass per 1 sq. m. landing area.
It is better to dig up the site for planting phloxes in advance.
Immediately, you can prepare planting holes for transplanted bushes, their depth should be at least 0.3 m.The distance between adjacent flowers should be at least 0.5 m, and if the variety is tall, then the interval can be increased to 0.6 m.
Important! If the distance between the bushes is too small, then the plants will begin to compete with each other, and this will reduce their resistance to diseases and pests.
How to dig and prepare bushes
Before removing the phlox bush, the soil under it must be watered abundantly. This will help keep an earthy ball on the roots of the plant. It is best to dig out the bush with a pitchfork, as it is less likely to damage the numerous horizontal roots of the plant. If you use a shovel, then it is advisable to make the earthen lump a little larger. The plant is gradually dug in a circle, and then carefully pulled out of the ground.
Algorithm for transplanting perennial phlox
The extracted flower is examined, the roots are shortened to 15-20 cm. If the bush is mature enough and branched, then it can be divided into several parts, each of which should contain 4-5 shoots with its own root system.
Roots that are too long need to be pruned
The resulting delenki are immediately planted in planting pits, which should be spilled with water in advance. The bush is placed in the center and gradually fall asleep, while deepening the root collar by about 5 cm. After the hole is completely filled up, the root zone is compacted, watered abundantly with water and mulched to maintain moisture in the soil.
Phlox care after transplant
After transplantation, phloxes require regular watering. This must be monitored and not allowed to dry out the root zone. If there is a sufficient amount of precipitation, then the frequency of irrigation should be reduced, and if necessary, artificial soil moisture can be completely abandoned. An excess of water will not benefit the flowers. The root zone is mulched with rotten manure with straw, peat and humus. Gradually decomposing, this mulch perfectly enriches the soil with nutrients.
After transplantation, phloxes need regular watering.
You should constantly pay attention to the condition of the bush as a whole. If any of the shoots withers, then it must be cut out immediately so that it does not become a source of disease or a breeding ground for insect pests. Further care for the transplanted phlox is carried out as planned, depending on the season.
Transplanting phlox to another place is a simple procedure, it does not require special training and special knowledge. It is enough just to know the general rules for carrying out work, comply with the terms and be guided by the recommendations. If everything is done correctly, then phloxes will easily transfer the transplant and will delight the gardener for a long time with abundant flowering.