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The Pleven grape is a widespread variety that attracts gardeners with its good taste, resistance to diseases and winter frosts. For planting, the resistant and nutmeg varieties are often chosen. The varieties form large clusters, and the berries have excellent commercial qualities.
Characteristics of varieties
The name Pleven has several different varieties. All of them have a table purpose, are used fresh, for the preparation of snacks and desserts. Each variety has its own characteristics regarding the size of the berries, yield, disease resistance and winter frost.
Pleven grapes are native to Bulgaria. The variety has a table purpose. The bushes are vigorous, the shoots ripen well. The mass of a bunch is 250-300 g. Bunches are conical, loose and loose.
Features of Pleven berries:
- weight 4-5 g;
- large sizes;
- oblong shape;
- yellowish green color;
- wax bloom;
- crispy flesh;
- thick skin;
- harmonious taste.
The disadvantage of the Pleven variety is its low winter hardiness. Grapes are susceptible to fungal diseases. To protect against damage, the variety needs careful processing.
Pleven grapes in the photo:
The Pleven Muscat grape is obtained by crossing the Druzhba and Strashensky varieties. Ripening occurs early.
According to the description of the variety and the photo, vigorous and powerful shoots are characteristic of Pleven Muscat grapes. The bunch weighs from 600 g, usually up to 1 kg.
Characteristics of Pleven Muscat berries:
- White color;
- oval shape;
- size 23x30 mm;
- weight 6-8 g;
- dense skin;
- juicy pulp;
- nutmeg aroma;
- pleasant taste.
The variety is characterized by a high yield. The grapes tolerate winter frosts down to -23 ° С, therefore they need shelter. Resistance to fungal diseases is rated at a high level.
The nutmeg variety is prized for its great taste. Gardeners note the good survival rate of grapes, low susceptibility to disease, active growth of shoots in spring and summer.
Photo of Pleven Muscat grapes:
Pleven resistant grapes are known as Augustine and Phenomenon. The variety is bred in Bulgaria on the basis of Pleven and Villar Blanc grapes. The resulting variety is resistant to disease and low temperatures.
Steady Pleven ripens in mid-August. In terms of external characteristics, the resulting variety resembles Pleven grapes. Bunches of medium density, conical shape. Their weight reaches 500 g. The yield per bush is up to 30 kg.
Distinctive features of Pleven resistant berries:
- size 18x27 cm;
- weight 5 g;
- simple and harmonious taste;
- White color;
- juicy pulp, shines through in the sun.
The sustainable grape variety is prized for its high yield, reliability and unpretentiousness. The bunches have high commercial qualities, do not deteriorate during transportation.
Fruiting of the Augustine variety is extended, lasts 2-3 weeks. The berries are of the same size, do not have peas, and hang on the bushes for a long time after ripening. Bushes grow quickly, so they are often planted to decorate arches, gazebos, and recreation areas. Winter hardiness is above average.
Grape variety Pleven resistant in the photo:
The development and yield of grapes largely depends on the choice of the right place for growing. The plant prefers an abundance of sunlight and the presence of fertile soil. Pleven grape seedlings are purchased from trusted suppliers.
A vineyard is allocated a plot well-lit by the sun and located on the southern or southwestern side. The culture does not tolerate stagnant moisture, so it is better to choose a place on a hill or in the center of a slope. In the lowlands, not only water accumulates, but also cold air.
In northern regions, grapes are planted on the south side of a house or fence. Plants will receive more heat by reflecting sunlight off the wall surface.
The vineyard is set up at a distance of more than 5 m from shrubs and trees. This arrangement avoids shady areas. Fruit trees take most of the nutrients from the soil and prevent the grapes from developing fully.
Advice! The grapes are planted in October or early spring.
Planting pits are prepared at least 3 weeks before work. The culture prefers loam or sandy loam soil. If the soil is clayey, the introduction of coarse river sand will be required. In order for the sandy soil to better retain moisture, it is fertilized with peat.
For planting, choose healthy grape seedlings of Pleven with a height of about 0.5 m and healthy buds. Plants with dry roots and damage do not take root well.
Sequence of work:
- A hole 80x80 cm in size is dug under the grapes to a depth of 60 cm.
- Be sure to form a drainage layer 12 cm thick. Expanded clay, broken brick, small pebbles are used for it.
- A pipe with a diameter of 5-7 mm is installed in the pit in a vertical position for watering the plants. Part of the pipe is left to protrude above the ground.
- 0.4 kg of superphosphate and 0.2 kg of potassium sulfate are added to the fertile soil. The resulting mixture is poured into the pit.
- When the soil settles, they begin to prepare the seedling. It is cut off, leaving 3-4 buds. The root system is also slightly shortened and placed in warm clean water for a day.
- A small hill of fertile soil is poured into the hole, a seedling is placed on top.
- The roots must be covered with earth.
- The plant is watered abundantly with 5 buckets of water.
When planting several plants, a distance of 1 m is maintained between them.According to the description of the variety, photos and reviews, the seedlings of Pleven muscat grape and resistant grapes quickly take root. Young plants require intensive watering.
Pleven grapes are provided with good care, which consists in feeding, pruning and watering. For the prevention of diseases, it is recommended to carry out preventive spraying.
Only young bushes under the age of 3 years need regular watering. They are watered using a drainage pipe several times per season:
- after removing the winter shelter;
- when forming buds;
- during the flowering period;
- late autumn.
Winter watering is necessary for every Pleven grape. Moisture is introduced in late autumn during the preparation of plants for winter. Moist soil freezes slowly, and grapes are better able to endure the winter.
In early spring, Pleven grapes are fed with a fertilizer containing nitrogen. Chicken droppings or manure are introduced into the soil. Instead of organic matter, you can use minerals: 40 g of urea and superphosphate and 30 g of potassium sulfate.
The processing is repeated until the beginning of flowering. When the fruits ripen, only phosphorus and potassium fertilizers are applied. Nitrogen activates the growth of shoots, while in the summer the strength of the grapes is better directed to the formation of berries.
Advice! During the flowering period, the vineyard is sprayed with boric acid to increase the number of ovaries. The optimal concentration is 2 g per 2 liters of water.
Grapes respond positively to foliar treatments. Plantings are sprayed with Kemira or Aquarin complex preparations. After harvesting, the plants are fed with wood ash. Fertilizer is embedded in the soil.
By pruning the grapes, they provide high fruiting. Pleven varieties are pruned in the fall after harvest.
For each bush, 4-5 of the most powerful shoots are left. Fruit branches are shortened by 6-8 eyes. The permissible plant load is from 35 to 45 eyes.
After the snow melts, only frozen and dry branches are removed. In the spring, the number of bunches is normalized. 1-2 inflorescences are left on the shoot, the rest are cut off.
In summer, it is enough to remove the leaves so that the berries gain sugar content. They also eliminate unnecessary stepsons.
The muscadine and resistant grape varieties of Pleven rarely get sick if agricultural practices are followed. For preventive purposes, plantings are sprayed with antifungal drugs. Treatments are carried out in early spring and late autumn.
Advice! The reproduction of the fungus is prevented by copper-based products: Horus, Ridomil, Kuproksat.
The preparations are diluted with water at the concentration prescribed by the instructions. During the growing season, the last treatment should take place 3 weeks before harvest.
The vineyard attracts ticks, goldsmiths, cicada, caterpillar and other pests. If insects are found, the plantings are sprayed with special preparations. To protect the crop from wasps and birds, the bunches are covered with cloth bags.
Shelter for the winter
It is recommended to cover the Pleven grapes for the winter, especially if a cold, snowless winter is expected. In the fall, the vine is removed from the support, placed on the ground and hilled. Dry leaves are poured on top.
Metal or plastic arcs are installed over the plant, agrofibre is fixed on top. So that the grapes do not fall out, when the temperature rises in spring, the shelter is removed. If the probability of frost remains, the covering material is slightly opened.
Oleg, 45 years old, Kursk
I have been growing Pleven Muscat grapes for over 10 years. According to the description of the variety and the photo, Muscat Pleven brings an early harvest. It goes well for sale and for making wine. The taste is excellent, the variety is always in demand. In total, I grow 5 bushes, the harvest is provided every year. The bunch weighs an average of 700 g, some reach 1.2 kg. Ripens at the end of August. Even in rainy weather, the berries retain their presentation, do not deteriorate or crumble. For wine, I take equal amounts of Plavel and Galben grapes. It turns out to be a wonderful dessert wine.
Anna, 37 years old, Krasnodar
Several years ago, I planted Pleven Muscat grapes after studying the descriptions of varieties, photos and reviews, and did not regret it at all. Some of the best varieties I have ever grown. The taste of the berries is excellent, the flesh is dense, the skin is almost not felt. During the ripening period, the berries did not crack or rot. Wasps and other pests were not observed in the vineyard.
Pavel, 52 years old, Stavropol
The Pleven resistant grape is one of the best varieties for summer cottages. Even with minimal maintenance, an excellent harvest can be reaped. The bushes are vigorous, for 6 years of cultivation they have never been sick. The cuttings take root quickly, so there are no problems with reproduction. Winter hardiness at the level, grapes winters without shelter. Bunches weighing 500 g, the taste of berries is sweet, nutmeg is felt. During cultivation did not notice peas. All berries are large, about the same size.
Pleven grapes are suitable for industrial cultivation and planting at their summer cottage. The bunches have an excellent presentation and tolerate transportation well. The nutmeg and resistant varieties are characterized by fast ripening, good berry taste and unpretentiousness.