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Everyone who grows berry crops on their plots must make room for raspberries. Both children and adults love raspberries. It is not difficult to grow it; care consists of the usual techniques for a gardener. But if this berry did not hurt, then it would be much easier for summer residents. In addition to competent compliance with the requirements of agricultural technology, you need to know what diseases and pests of raspberries are most common in the region. Protecting raspberries from pests and diseases is an important step in growing berries. We will consider two topics in the article:
- What are the signs to distinguish raspberry diseases and how to cope with them.
- What are the pests of raspberries and the fight against them.
It is very important to notice any damage and disease in time so that raspberries will delight you with a high yield.
Types of diseases of garden berries
Consider raspberry diseases and their treatment. The main types of diseases that raspberries are exposed to are viral infections and fungal infections. They can be simply called viral and fungal diseases of garden raspberries. Many varieties are susceptible to these diseases, although in modern catalogs there are quite disease-resistant species. But, completely immune do not exist yet. To protect planting from disease, you must:
- have a description of each ailment with photographs;
- know what they are being treated with;
- learn what preventive measures exist.
Let us dwell in more detail on each type of disease that garden raspberries are susceptible to. Consider common raspberry diseases, photos of their symptoms and how to treat each disease.
Diseases of fungal origin
These types of diseases can be classified as raspberry diseases. It is the berries that are more affected by fungal infections. Fungal diseases of raspberry are very common in plantings. Therefore, a description of their signs and control measures should be familiar to every gardener.
Rot gray (botrytis)
The most common disease. Small gray spots appear on the fruits, which grow and affect the entire berry. It begins to rot, becomes covered with a gray bloom, which contains the spores of the fungus. Spores spread with moisture and air, and are capable of infecting the entire raspberry tree. An outbreak of the disease is noticed during a period of rather cool days with high humidity.
The disease affects not only berries, but also leaves with shoots. Infected plants cannot stand the winter and die.
Important! Gray rot in raspberry beds spreads very quickly. You need to act immediately.
Disease control measures:
- bushes with signs of the disease are removed and burned;
- competently treat plants with drugs for protection;
- restore agricultural technology if there were violations.
To say in more detail - you should not process raspberry plantings just in case, and it is important to follow the berry planting scheme. All drugs that help fight the disease must be used before the berries ripen. If an overdose of chemicals occurs, the raspberries will be weakened and will not be able to withstand possible problems. In addition:
- The thickening of plants leads to the rapid development and spread of gray rot, so plantings are always thinned out. This makes it possible to ensure good ventilation and protection from disease.
- Diseased bushes are removed and burned, in the spring they clean the raspberry plantings well from the remnants of foliage and debris, and then they are treated with Bordeaux liquid.
The second fungal disease that brings excitement to summer residents. In addition to berries, the disease also affects stems and leaves.
It appears as single spots on raspberry stems. The shade of the spots is grayish-white with a purple border around the edges. In places where stains appear, the fabric dries out. Subsequently, the spots merge, form ulcerative lesions. The bark peels off on the stems, and the leaves roll up and dry.
The main forces must be directed to:
- removal of diseased plants;
- spraying with preparations containing copper;
- reduction of planting density;
- ensuring good ventilation.
You will have to process raspberries from the disease at least three times per season. It is imperative to monitor plantings during rainy and high humidity periods. It is this weather that favors the spread of anthracnose.
White and purple spotting
Common fungal diseases of raspberries. With the disease, leaves and stems are affected. White spot appears as brown spots, which gradually turn white, black dots are visible in them. With purple spots, they have a reddish tint. The main measures to combat the disease:
- plant only healthy material;
- thin out the plantings;
- treat with preparations containing copper;
- remove affected bushes.
In case of illness, the stems and leaves of raspberries are affected. Yellow growths appear on them, which cause brittleness and drying of the stem, wilting of foliage. In spring, spores appear on the leaves; in summer, orange and dark mushroom cushions are noticeable on the underside of the leaves. They calmly endure the winter on loose leaves. Therefore, it is necessary to carefully remove the remnants of foliage from areas where raspberries are grown. During the wet period, the development of the disease continues until late autumn. Control measures - collect and burn the leaves, dig deep aisles, spray the raspberries with Bordeaux liquid three times (1%).
Viral diseases of raspberry bushes
Another group of diseases that raspberries are exposed to. It is very difficult to treat raspberry viral diseases, so every gardener should know preventive measures. They affect the root system, stems, leaves of the bush and lead to the death of the plant. These include:
In case of illness, the leaves become tough, curl into a tube, and change color. First they turn brown, then dry. The same result with berries. They become deformed and sour. The plant is not cured, dies after 2-3 years. You need to be especially careful when buying planting material. Otherwise, you can bring the disease into the planting and lose your favorite variety. Diseased plants are destroyed.
The main symptom is on the leaves. They show areas of irregular shape, which become speckled by the end of summer. The leaves become smaller, the shoots weaken, their growth slows down. The berries become woody, become unusable. Raspberries do not die, but it is completely impossible to cure the disease. Aphids are carriers of the disease.
Raspberry overgrowth or "witch's broom"
This is the name of mycoplasma raspberry disease. A lot of non-fruiting shoots are formed on the bushes. They are small, but the number can reach up to 200 per one bush.
It is transferred to other bushes very quickly, so the detected problem is immediately removed.
Important! Carefully select planting material and destroy pests - insects.
The disease is transferred to the site with cicadas and cannot be treated.
Bacterial problems in raspberries
Pathogenic microorganisms, which include bacteria, cause diseases of the culture. There are diseases that are ubiquitous. Regardless of the region in which raspberries are grown, they can be affected by cancer.
Stem and root cancer
The main sign of infection is the appearance of small tumors (overgrown seals) on the roots. Gradually they merge and form a common lumpy surface with a rough crust. If such tumors affect the stems, then growing together, they break the bark. Bushes affected by this disease become weakened, do not tolerate winter frosts and die.
Pests for planting raspberries in summer cottages
In addition to various diseases, raspberries are attacked by parasites and pests. How to process the planting to protect raspberries from damage? How to deal with pests that have already appeared? These questions are constantly worried about summer residents. Consider the main pests and parasites of raspberry plantings that annoy gardeners. It is better to get acquainted with the raspberry pests in pictures so that you know what they look like. The most unpleasant thing is that in addition to the harm caused by the parasites themselves, they are also carriers of many raspberry diseases.
The pest hibernates in the soil at a depth of 10 cm, and when the soil warms up to 10-12 ° it comes to the surface. Until the buds appear on raspberries, the beetle feeds on the nectar of other plants. Then the pest moves to the raspberry bushes and begins to feed on the contents of the buds. As soon as the raspberries begin to bloom, the female raspberry beetle lay eggs and then the larvae continue their destructive work. When harvesting, the pest again goes into the ground for wintering. The beetle damages the buds, and the larvae damages the berry. What methods of control do gardeners use against pests? Firstly, the autumn digging of the soil in order to destroy the larvae of the raspberry beetle. Secondly, collecting beetles by shaking off the buds. Thirdly, the treatment of raspberries from pests in the phase of bud formation. In this case, karbofos helps well. At the time of picking berries, gardeners cover the containers with linen or waterproof paper. The larvae that have crawled out of the berries are immediately destroyed.
Raspberry stem fly
The larvae of the pest hibernate under bushes at a depth of 5 cm. After warming up the ground, they pupate, then flies appear. The harm from insects - pests lies in the fact that they lay eggs in the axils of the leaves and on the tops of raspberry shoots. The larvae of the pest feed on the core of the shoots, damaging the stems from the inside. Before the flowering of raspberries, they gnaw the stems and again go into the ground. To combat the pest, digging up the soil in the fall is used, before the raspberry blossoms, cut out and destroy the affected bushes. Spraying with karbofos during the summer of flies.
Stem raspberry gall midge
Very familiar to gardeners in central and southern Russia. A small insect (up to 2 mm) has transparent wings and a brown back.
The main harm of gall midge larvae is caused by raspberry stems. On the middle and lower parts of the shoots, characteristic swellings appear, which are called galls.
The larvae of the pest hibernate in them. In the spring, they feed on the contents of the stems, and in the raspberry flowering phase, an adult insect appears and lays eggs on young shoots. After a month, swellings are visible on them - the habitat of the pest larvae. Above the formation, the shoots dry out, then break off. On the galls themselves, the skin cracks and falls behind. If you do not take any measures, then a tiny gall midge can destroy up to 70% of raspberry plantings. How to stop a pest? First, in the spring and autumn, the plantings are thoroughly cleaned of damaged stems. They must be cut and burned.
Important! Cut the stem 3 cm below the bulge, but not to the ground.
On the rest of the raspberry can give a new crop. Treatments against the pest are carried out with the chemical preparations "Aktellik", "Fufanon", "Alatar", "Iskra-M". Spraying time is the laying of eggs by gall midges and the summer period of adult insects. The selected drugs must be alternated in order to achieve the desired result.
Damage from this pest is similar to galls, only differing in size. The galls on the stems are about 3 cm long, and after the introduction of gall-milling larvae, swellings of 10 cm long appear. However, the measures for controlling the pest are identical to those above.
Sprouting raspberry aphid
A familiar pest to gardeners in all regions. It is very harmful if the raspberry tree is located in a shaded place. It populates on inflorescences, ends of shoots, the pest forms whole colonies. As a result of damage by the pest, leaves curl, shoots are bent and grow poorly, flowers dry. A very small insect, but very harmful. In addition to damage to the shoots, it serves as a carrier of viral diseases of raspberries. More dangerous than aphids in dry years. It is necessary to fight the pest with the help of the chemicals listed in the section on gall midges.
What other pests can be found on raspberry plantings? Plantings of raspberries are damaged by a beetle - weevil,
The same drugs that are used against gall midge cope well with the weevil. And the glass bowl does not tolerate low cut of shoots and burning of damaged stems. Against the tick, use "Iskra-M", "Aktelik" or "Fufanon" for common varieties of raspberries.
Repaired ones are treated with "Garden Gray, Colloidal" or "Tiovit-Jet".
Raspberry pests, diseases and control are an important part of berry care. Without timely measures, you can lose your harvest and lose your favorite varieties. The fight against them is carried out throughout the season - from spring to autumn. Be sure to treat the bushes in early spring for prevention and do not forget to inspect them regularly.
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