Advice

How to care for strawberries in the spring in the country

How to care for strawberries in the spring in the country


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Proper care of strawberries in the spring in the country contributes to the development of plants and a good harvest. Every year, strawberries need pruning, watering and fertilization. Timely treatment with fungicides or folk remedies will help protect plantings from diseases and insects.

Terms of work

The time of work in the strawberry depends on the climatic conditions of the region. In the southern regions, the snow melts in March, and by the end of the month the soil in the beds will dry out.

In the middle lane during this period, you can treat the plants with ash or peat until the snow cover melts. In the Urals and Siberian regions, strawberry care begins in April.

Advice! Above the beds, you can install wire arcs, and then cover them with a special material. So, the berries will ripen a week earlier than usual.

When the soil warms up to + 3 ° C, the root system of plants begins to function, new shoots appear. Work begins after the soil dries out.

Strawberry transplant

In the spring, work is underway to transplant strawberries and arrange new beds. When choosing a place for growing berries, you need to adhere to the following recommendations:

  • the site should be well lit by the sun;
  • it is necessary to exclude the possibility of flooding of plants in spring or during rains;
  • planting is carried out in places where legumes and cereals, garlic, onions, beets, carrots were previously grown;
  • it is not advisable to plant plants in the beds where eggplants, tomatoes, cucumbers, peppers, cabbage previously grew.

For plant transplantation, a period of green mass growth is selected. At the same time, the root system grows, so the seedlings can quickly take root in a permanent place.

Important! Strawberries are transplanted every 3-4 years.

The soil is preliminarily prepared for planting. Strawberries prefer light soils, loamy, sandy loam or chernozem. The addition of peat will help improve the structure of the sandy soil. Coarse sand is added to the clay soil.

Healthy bushes are chosen for transplantation. If the plant is in a depressed state, there are spots on the leaves, then such a bush is not suitable for transplantation. By dividing the bush, you can get new strawberry seedlings.

Cleaning and loosening

After winter frosts, old peduncles and dry leaves are cut off on strawberries. It is also necessary to remove last year's mulch, in which the pests spend the winter. Old mulch often causes the spread of fungal plant diseases.

Advice! Last year's foliage is raked up and removed from the site. It is not recommended to burn plant leaves, since dioxin, a substance hazardous to health, is released during the combustion.

Loosening of the soil is carried out between the bushes, which makes it possible to improve its air and moisture permeability. As a result, the penetration of moisture into the soil improves, and useful substances are absorbed faster by plants.

If the roots of the strawberry have come to the surface, then you need to cover them with a layer of soil. Early spring strawberry care includes mulching the beds with straw, sawdust, or hay. Such processing will accelerate the ripening of the berries and allow maintaining a certain level of soil moisture.

Important! Dense foliage must be thinned out to provide plants with access to sunlight.

Excessive thickening leads to the spread of diseases, negatively affects the development of strawberries and their yield. Additionally, rosettes and root leaves of plants are cut off. Work is carried out with sharp scissors or pruning shears.

What to do with strawberries in spring is described in the video:

Watering strawberries

After wintering, strawberries are watered once a week. With heavy precipitation, the procedure is performed less frequently. The first watering is performed at the beginning of plant growth. Each bush accounts for up to 0.5 liters of water. Before flowering, loosening and mulching will help to retain moisture in the soil.

Important! Warm water is used for irrigation. For this, containers with water are heated or left in the sun.

Watering is done at the root of the plants. Works are performed in the morning or evening, when there is no direct exposure to the sun. The soil must be kept moist at all times. When the first inflorescences appear, watering is performed between the rows with plantings.

Attention! Excess moisture will negatively affect the growth of strawberries.

High humidity creates a favorable environment for the spread of fungal diseases and pests. Moisture should flow to the plants regularly and penetrate to a depth of 40 cm into the soil.

Feeding rules

Fertilization is an obligatory step in the list of procedures for how to care for strawberries in spring. During this period, the first feeding of strawberries is performed. It is carried out before the flowering of plants, when the growth of the bushes began after the snow melted. The processing stimulates the development of strawberries and the build-up of green mass.

For feeding, a solution is prepared, which is then used for irrigation under the root of plants. In the spring, experienced gardeners fertilize strawberries with the following products:

  • mullein solution in a ratio of 1:10;
  • 1 part whey or low-fat milk to 3 parts water
  • chicken manure solution in a ratio of 1:12.

Herbal infusion helps to saturate the plants with nitrogen. It is prepared on the basis of nettles or other weeds. Chopped fresh herbs should fill the bucket by a third, after which it is filled with water. The tool is infused for 3-4 days, then it is used for watering.

Important! Nitrogen feeding is stopped before the plants start flowering. Otherwise, nitrogen will lead to excessive growth of green mass.

Spring strawberry care includes wood ash fertilization. It contains calcium, potassium and phosphorus, which are necessary for the full development of plants. On the basis of ash, a solution is prepared with which the plantings are watered. Ash is also added to the soil before planting strawberries.

Disease prevention

Most diseases are caused by the spread of a harmful fungus. Its spores infect the ground part of the plants, leading to the appearance of rot and spotting on the leaves.

Strawberry disease prevention begins in early spring, when the affected leaves and stems of plants are removed. For the prevention of planting, they are treated with fungicides - chemicals that can destroy the fungus. All preparations are used before flowering.

Fungicides "Fundazol", "Euparen", "Alirin" have good properties. The funds are applied strictly in accordance with the instructions.

Important! Compliance with the rules of crop rotation and watering of plants will help to avoid the development of diseases.

The fungus spreads in high humidity in warm weather. Care for strawberries after winter, timely pruning of plants and mulching of the soil will help to avoid such conditions.

Traditional methods for diseases allow you to disinfect soil and strawberries. One of the options for processing plants is Garlic infusion, which requires 0.1 kg of arrows, husks or crushed heads of garlic. The product is poured with warm water and left for a day. Garlic infusion is used for watering strawberries.

Iodine solution has similar properties. For its preparation, 10 drops of iodine and 10 liters of water are taken. Plants can be treated every week.

Another means for cooking in summer cottages is mustard infusion. It is obtained by diluting 50 g of mustard powder in 5 liters of water. The product is left for two days, then another 5 liters of water is added and the plants are watered.

Pest control

After winter, strawberries need additional protection from pests. Insects can cause serious damage to the strawberry crop. To combat them, you need to process plants in early spring.

The greatest harm to plantings is caused by weevils, aphids, nematodes, slugs. To get rid of insects will help special preparations - "Karbofos", "Corsair", "Metaphos", "Zolon". They are used only before the beginning of flowering of plants.

Advice! Strawberry seedlings are treated against pests, which are placed in water at a temperature of 45 degrees for 15 minutes.

An effective insect repellent is a solution of pink potassium permanganate. Rows between plantings are sprinkled with ash, tobacco dust or superphosphate. Special granules "Thunderstorm" or "Meta" are used against slugs.

On the advice of seasoned gardeners, care for strawberries in the spring is carried out using folk remedies:

  • onion infusion (0.2 kg of husk is poured into 10 liters of water and insisted for 3 days);
  • a decoction of wormwood (1 kg of crushed plants is poured with water and boiled for 10 minutes, then used for watering);
  • mustard solution (0.1 kg of mustard powder is diluted with water and poured over strawberries).

Planting onions, garlic, marigolds, fennel, and mustard will help protect strawberries from pests. These plants

Conclusion

The timing of work on the care of strawberries largely depends on the region. The procedures begin after the snow melts. With timely pruning, watering and fertilizing, the plantings will be able to develop normally. Every 3 years, the place for the beds is changed.

In the spring, plants are prevented from diseases and pests. For this, folk remedies or chemicals are used. Most of the work is completed in the spring before the strawberry begins to bloom.


Watch the video: Strawberry Runners - Good u0026 Bad (October 2022).

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